Zurab Moshashvili, CPA is a partner at Anchin with more than 10 years of public, private, and multinational experience.
Zurab specializes in providing assurance and advisory services to a wide range of privately and publicly held companies. He has served clients with varying specialties, including senior living, equity and mortgage REITs, hospitality, private equity and opportunity funds, affordable housing 80/20 projects, and owners and operators of commercial and residential real estate.
His expertise lies in working on revenue recognition, valuations, acquisitions/dispositions of real estate, business combinations, residential agency and non-agency mortgage backed securities, repurchase agreements, impairment, going concern and various types of derivative instruments. He has worked on audits and reviews of SEC filings on Forms 10-K and 10-Q, as well as S-11 and annual reports of public companies, spin-off transactions, including initial Form 10 and subsequent amendment filings, and audits under S-X Regulations 3-05 and 3-14. He has been involved in numerous comfort letter procedures for secondary and continuous equity offerings. Zurab has assisted clients with the implementation of internal controls to comply with the Sarbanes Oxley Act Section 404, and COSO 2013 framework.
In addition, Zurab specializes in providing accounting and auditing services to various national and international real estate core plus, value added and opportunity funds, where he is heavily involved in valuations, carried interest calculations and foreign currency contracts. He assists emerging managers and established funds with structuring, compliance and other advisory services.
Zurab has served as an assistant vice president in the investments credit surveillance department of a publicly traded mortgage REIT. He began his career at a Big 4 accounting firm, where he served as an audit senior manager before coming to Anchin.
He has created training curriculums and taught courses related to real estate accounting and auditing methodologies. He is a member of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) and the New York State Society of Certified Public Accountants (NYSSCPA).
- Accounting and Auditing
- Financial Services
- Real Estate
- New FASB lease accounting standard could impact bank debt agreements June 14, 2021
The new requirements are effective for private companies with annual reporting periods beginning after Dec. 15. For companies with calendar-year reporting, the standard goes into effect Jan. 1, 2022. It impacts financial institutions in two ways.
- Changes to Accounting Rules Provide Alternatives to Costly Performance Record VerificationsFebruary 3, 2021
Aspiring investment managers looking to raise capital often find a lack of a documented track record of past performance to be a roadblock. However, with recent changes to accounting rules, investment managers may have caught a break. The Statement on Standards for Attestation Engagements No. 19 - Agreed-Upon Procedures Engagements (“AUP” or “SSAE 19”), issued in December 2019 may provide alternatives to performance record verifications that have previously been accomplished through costly examinations or Global Investment Performance Standards (GIPS) verifications.
- What Does the New Stimulus Package Mean for Landlords? February 3, 2021
The highly anticipated second stimulus relief package, released shortly before the holidays, on December 22, 2020, has a provision that will finally provide benefits to property owners.
- QIP vs. Repair Regulations – Decisions, Decisions, Decisions…February 3, 2021
Has your business been hit hard by the COVID-19 pandemic? While many business’s operations have been greatly affected by the pandemic, the good news is that much needed relief is now accessible to many. The Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act was signed into law on March 27, 2020, providing widespread economic relief, including some significant tax law changes. The new CARES Act provision on qualified improvement property (QIP) tax treatment is particularly noteworthy for taxpayers in the real estate, restaurant, retail, and hospitality industries as these businesses have been hit hard by the COVID-19 pandemic.
- The Private Equity Secondary Market – Has COVID-19 Created a New Buying Opportunity?December 10, 2020
The typical way to invest in private equity is by investing when a fund initially raises capital. However, it is also possible to invest by taking over the position of an existing investor by purchasing the position on a secondary market. Under the right conditions, there can be significant advantages to investing through the secondary market - and the COVID-19 crisis may have created such an opportunity.
- 2020 Financial Services Year-End Tax Planning AlertDecember 8, 2020
As we publish our annual year-end tax planning alert, we are frequently reminded that 2020 is no ordinary year. What began as a normal filing season was extended to July 15, 2020, and came with other ramifications of the COVID-19 pandemic -- quarantine in place, working from home, CARES Act, social and economic turmoil as well as a still-unsettled election and political environment.
- Tax Basis Method Capital Reporting Requirement and What It Means to YouNovember 4, 2020
This reporting requirement is no small undertaking and may require a review of all prior year tax returns and Schedule K-1s starting from a partnership's inception.
- How the Loss of Additional $600 Weekly Unemployment Checks Affected the Real Estate MarketNovember 4, 2020
This additional $600 benefit expired on July 31, 2020. While tenants had collected enough for their August rents, without the additional benefits in August, landlords were bracing for a downturn when it came to September rent.
- Key Accounting and Financial Reporting Disclosure Considerations for 2020 November 4, 2020
With so many changes and challenges, now is the time to start assessing the impact on your financial reporting. Addressing these issues early will save time later and give you adequate time to prepare.
- Compliance with Advisers Act Rule 206(4)-2: Combined Financial Statements - What You Need to KnowNovember 4, 2020
Rule 206(4)-2, referred to as the “Custody Rule”, is regarded as an integral component of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940. On October 23, 2020, the Chief Accountant’s Office of the Division of Investment Management released a “Dear CFO Letter” that provides guidance on the use of combined financial statements to comply with the Custody Rule.
- Anchin’s Financial Services Practice Awarded Best Accounting Firm for Start-Up & Emerging Funds by HedgeweekNovember 3, 2020
“Anchin is truly honored to be chosen for this award,” said Jeffrey I. Rosenthal, CPA, Partner-In-Charge of the Firm’s Financial Services Practice. “Anchin prides itself on the excellent service and added value we provide to clients, and we are immensely proud to accept such awards which result directly from the efforts of our team.”
- SEC Proposes New Exemption Regarding “Finders” to Benefit Small Issuers and BusinessesOctober 22, 2020
On October 7, 2020, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) issued a Notice of Proposed Exemptive Order Granting Conditional Exemption from the Broker Registration Requirements of Section 15(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 for Certain Activities of Finders. This conditional exemptive order would permit persons whose role is to assist issuers by providing capital growth in private markets provided by investors, commonly referred to as “finders”, to engage in specific restricted actions without having to register as broker-dealers.
- What the SEC’s Amendments to the Definition of “Accredited Investor” Mean for YouSeptember 10, 2020
The amendments will now allow individuals possessing a measure of sophistication based on their professional knowledge and expertise, or certifications to qualify. The amendments also expand the list of entities that qualify as accredited investors by allowing any entity that meets an investments test to qualify. The amendments will become effective 60 days after the SEC’s rule release is published in the Federal Register.
- OCIE Risk Alert: How to Avoid Regulatory Backlash During Prolonged Periods of Remote WorkAugust 27, 2020
In its most recent Risk Alert, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Office of Compliance Inspections and Examinations (OCIE) provided guidance on best practices during the prolonged periods of remote work that many firms are experiencing during the COVID-19 pandemic.
- What do the Proposed Carried Interest Regulations Mean for You? August 20, 2020
On July 31, 2020, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) released proposed regulations (the Proposed Regulations) relating to the scope and applicability of Internal Revenue Code Section 1061. This alert will provide an overview of the Proposed Regulations and how they may affect hedge, private equity and other investment funds.
- The Delaware Supreme Court’s Clarification of Limited Partner Rights to Books and Records, and What It Means for YouAugust 12, 2020
In a recent ruling on the case of Murfey v. WHC Ventures, LLC, the Delaware Supreme Court concluded that a limited partner seeking the books and records of a Delaware limited partnership is not required to show that the materials requested are “necessary and essential” unless those terms are expressly stated in the limited partnership agreement.
- How COVID-19 Impacts Alternative Fund OperationsAugust 10, 2020
COVID-19 has disrupted the alternative assets industry just as it has the rest of the world. Between high market volatility, spooked investors, travel restrictions and rapidly changing government regulation, it certainly is an unusual time to live and to operate in. How have fund managers changed their operations to respond? Preqin recently surveyed alternative fund managers to see what they are doing differently during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey included hedge funds, private equity funds, venture capital funds, private debt and real estate investors from around the world. Here are some key results.
- Qualified Improvement Property (QIP)July 15, 2020
As many of you may recall, Congress made a technical error when drafting the Qualified Improvement Property (QIP) section of the CARES Act. Qualified Improvement Property (QIP) is defined as any improvement to an interior portion of a building which is nonresidential real property if the improvement is placed in service after the date the building was first placed in service by any taxpayer. This drafting error, referred to as the “retail glitch,” intended QIP to be defined as 15-year property eligible for bonus depreciation. However, the law was incorrectly written and QIP was defined as 39-year property, making it ineligible for bonus depreciation.
- Qualified Improvement Property (QIP) OpportunitiesJuly 15, 2020
The new QIP guidance issued by the CARES act provides a wide range of flexibility and options for building owners. See below for more information on the various QIP opportunities and helpful hints to maximizing your tax relief.
- The Transition Away From LIBORJuly 15, 2020
The use of the London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) as a benchmark rate has become ubiquitous over the last several decades. Yet LIBOR will cease to exist beyond 2021 without a single universal rate to replace it. The potential disruption has the financial markets worried and implications will be vast. Is your company prepared for this transition?
- OCIE Warns Private Fund Advisers About Common Compliance IssuesJuly 9, 2020
On June 23rd, the Securities and Exchange Commission’s Office of Compliance Inspections and Examinations (OCIE) issued a Risk Alert for private fund advisers, including those that manage hedge funds or private equity funds. The report cautioned about common compliance issues that increase fees for investors and put them at risk. OCIE broke these issues down into three categories.
- Key Insights for Fund Managers on Raising Capital in the Current ClimateJune 22, 2020
While raising capital for hedge funds has always been a challenge, the COVID-19 pandemic has made doing so even more difficult. New limits on travel and face-to-face contact are making it difficult to reach investors and complete the required due diligence for fundraising. In this article, we look at how investor expectations have changed in this new environment, and what managers can do to meet these challenges.
- Which Hedge Funds Strategies Performed Best During the Recent Financial Crisis?June 12, 2020
The immediate shock of the COVID-19 crisis sent markets tumbling. In this tough environment, the defensive strategies of hedge funds revealed their value. We looked at the results to see how the industry did overall, along with the fund strategies that performed best during these unusual conditions.
- Guidance on Cyber Threats to Private Equity and Hedge FundsJune 8, 2020
As the corporate world is evolving and becoming more accepting of working remotely, every company is facing the increased threat of cybercrimes. In 2019, the average cost of a data breach in the U.S. was more than $8 million, and the average time spent to identify and contain a breach was around 245 days. These numbers will continue to grow as cyber criminals become even more sophisticated.
- Proposed Carried Interest Regulations Are Back at OIRA for a Second LookJune 5, 2020
The Office of Management and Budget’s (OMB) Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA) has again received for review, proposed regulations with respect to section 1061— often referred to as the carried interest rules. The battle over carried interest continues as proposed rules are back at the OMB for review after the OMB initially signed off on them in late February 2020.
- What You Need to Know about Additional Opportunity Zone Relief Available due to COVID-19 PandemicJune 5, 2020
Qualified Opportunity Funds (“QOF”) and their investors have been working diligently to try and meet certain time-sensitive deadlines in order to comply with various Opportunity Zone rules. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and the quarantine restrictions instituted by local governments, meeting these deadlines has been challenging, if not impossible. The Internal Revenue Service has released Notice 2020-39 (“the Notice”) providing much-needed relief for QOFs and their investors. The Notice provides relief for the 180 day investment requirement for QOF Investors, the 90 percent investment standard for QOFs, and the 30 month substantial improvement period. The Notice also confirms the 24-month extension of the working capital safe harbor and the 12-month extension for QOFs to reinvest certain proceeds.
- Is There Opportunity for Private Equity and Hedge Funds on the Horizon?May 21, 2020
The COVID-19 crisis has devastated the national economy. Tens of millions of Americans have lost their jobs and the stock market has fallen significantly. However, these brutal market conditions may have created an opportunity for private equity funds and hedge funds.
- What You Need to Know About the Real Property Income and Expense (RPIE) Extension for Filing and the New RequirementsMay 19, 2020
In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the NYC Department of Finance (DOF) has extended the deadline for the submission of 2019 Real Property Income and Expense (RPIE) statements and storefront registry (new for this year - see below) filings from June 1, 2020 to July 1, 2020. Submissions must be filed electronically, unless you have previously been granted a waiver allowing you to file by mail. New York City continues to expand the type of information real estate owners are required to disclose. Here is a brief reminder of certain filings required to avoid penalties and maintain your rights to challenge assessments.
- Key Considerations for Real Estate Entities on PPP Loan IneligibilityMay 4, 2020
If a business applies for and receives a PPP loan that they are ineligible for, they will be subject to civil or criminal penalties. On April 23rd, the SBA and the treasury stated that if a borrower made a false certification and returns the funds by May 7th, the government will not take any action against the borrower. Many believe that May 7th is a catch-all date to return funds for any reason, including ineligibility, to avoid the government from assessing any penalties, although this has not been stated by the government and therefore we suggest you consult your attorney.
- Important Changes From the CARES Act Provide Relief to the Real Estate IndustryApril 30, 2020
The recently passed CARES Act repealed provisions of The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) of 2017 that eliminated the ability to carryback Net Operating Losses (NOLs) and also limited the use of an NOL carryforward to 80% of taxable income. This important change now allows for NOLs incurred in tax years 2018, 2019 and 2020 to be carried back 5 years allowing for tax refund claims.
- Hedge Funds and Private Equity Firms Deemed Ineligible for PPP Loans by SBAApril 27, 2020
The same day that legislation (April 24th) increasing funding by $310 billion for the Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”) was signed into law, the Treasury Department issued a new Interim Final Rule. This Final Rule clarified certain types of businesses that are eligible for PPP loans. Specifically, the Treasury has determined that hedge funds and private equity firms are ineligible businesses for purposes of PPP.
- PPP Application Commonly Asked QuestionsApril 24, 2020
The Federal government approved $349 Billion for the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP), all of which has been allocated to loan applicants. As we anxiously await additional funding for this program, we thought it would be helpful for those that have yet to apply to learn from the trials and tribulations of those that have filed their applications. Here are some of the frequently asked questions we have received from applicants.
- The CARES Act Provides New Refund Opportunities April 23, 2020
The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) of 2017 limited the amount of business losses that a non-corporate taxpayer can utilize to offset their non-business income.
- Private Investment Funds, Related Entities and Individuals Can Benefit From COVID-19 ReliefApril 21, 2020
The COVID-19 pandemic has put significant stress on the liquidity and profits of hedge funds, private equity/venture capital funds and their respective portfolio companies. On March 18, 2020, the Families First Coronavirus Response Act and on March 27, 2020, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”) were signed into law. Given these uncertain times and the multitude of changes, provisions and opportunities these laws present, we’ve prepared a general summary of certain relevant matters that private investment funds, related entities and individuals should consider in order to help navigate this crisis. Accordingly, please use this guide for general information purposes only, and please reach out to us with any specific questions or issues you have.
- Are Real Estate Businesses Eligible to Participate in the Paycheck Protection Program (‘PPP Loans’)?April 6, 2020
There is a concern that several types of real estate businesses considered “passive” under the SBA rules may not qualify without further clarification from the Treasury. Real estate management companies are not considered passive and are therefore eligible for PPP.
- A Message from Anchin's Real Estate GroupApril 1, 2020
The Real Estate Group at Anchin encourages you to work with professionals that have a deep understanding of the CARES act and how it will affect the Real Estate market.
- Is the Real Estate Industry Prepared for the Transition Away From LIBOR?March 9, 2020
The use of the London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) as a benchmark rate has become ubiquitous over the last several decades. Yet LIBOR will cease to exist beyond 2021 without a single universal rate to replace it. The potential disruption has the financial markets worried and implications will be vast. Is your company prepared for this transition? Inaction is not an option.
- The Cayman Islands Launch New Legislation for Private and Mutual FundsMarch 4, 2020
The Cayman Island government recently passed new laws for private and mutual funds, designed under recommendations from the European Union (“EU”) and other international governments. They created these regulations to increase oversight and confidence in Cayman Islands funds, while still making it a popular jurisdiction for fund formation. This article covers the upcoming requirements under these laws along with when they will go into effect. One should be aware that the Cayman Islands government defines “Mutual Funds” and “Private Funds” slightly differently than we would in the U.S., so we’ve attempted to clarify, below.
- The Seven SEC Compliance Examination Priorities for 2020January 28, 2020
At the start of every year, the SEC Office of Compliance Inspections and Examinations (OCIE) announces a list of its priorities for the next examination cycle. These represent the areas they feel are key sources of risk for investors and markets. For 2020, they named seven focus areas.
- SEC Annual Report Shows Record Enforcement of Asset Management IndustryJanuary 17, 2020
Near the end of each year, the SEC’s Enforcement Division publishes a report listing their past actions along with future priorities. They recently released their 2019 report and what stands out is last year’s record enforcement of the asset management industry. We’ve summarized the most important parts of the report here.
- Expanded Accredited Investor Definition Could Be Coming SoonJanuary 16, 2020
If someone wants to invest in SEC-exempt private market assets, like hedge funds and venture capital funds, they must meet the SEC’s standards as an accredited investor. The SEC limits who can invest in these assets because they believe non-accredited investors do not have the sophistication or knowledge to understand these investments, or their risks. However, these markets could be opening soon. On December 18th, 2019, the SEC commissioners voted three to two for expanding the accreditation scope to include more potential investors. Here’s what could be changing.
- Lessees: A Stitch in Time Will Save Problems Down the LineDecember 30, 2019
On November 15, 2019, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) announced it had officially delayed implementing certain accounting standards for private companies, including the new lease accounting standard (ASC 842) for an additional year, from January 1, 2020 to January 1, 2021. But don’t breathe a sigh of relief yet. You will need this extra time to understand the process involved and to collect all the necessary data in order to comply by the deadline.
- IRS Issues Notice Delaying Certain Aspects of Partnership Reporting RequirementsDecember 12, 2019
With Notice 2019-66 (“Notice”), issued on December 9, the IRS reversed course and is delaying some partnership reporting requirements that were outlined in our earlier alert after many practitioners contended that they would not be able to comply under such a tight timeframe. The Notice provides that the requirement to report partners’ shares of partnership capital on the tax basis method will not be effective for 2019 (for partnership taxable years beginning in calendar 2019) but will be effective starting in 2020 (for partnership taxable years that start on or after Jan. 1, 2020). Instead, for 2019, partnerships and other persons must report partner capital accounts consistent with the reporting requirements in the 2018 forms and instructions, including the requirement to report negative tax basis capital accounts on a partner-by-partner basis. These partnerships and other persons must include a statement identifying the method upon which a partner’s capital account is reported. The final instructions for the 2019 forms are expected to include additional details on how such reporting should be done.
- 2019 Financial Services Year-End Tax Planning AlertDecember 5, 2019
As we continue to monitor the prospects of regulations, guidance and potential new tax reform and as year-end approaches, you should consider the following opportunities as you review your tax picture.
- SEC Considers Opening Private Equity to Main Street Investors. Good Idea?December 3, 2019
Private equity has been one of the top performing asset classes over the past decade. However, due to current regulations, the typical American investor hasn’t been able to participate in these gains. That could change soon. Earlier this year, the SEC asked for public comment about whether it should open private equity investments to retail investors. Here are some of the pros and cons of the agency doing so.
- Recently Released Draft Partnership Instructions and Schedule K-1 Raise QuestionsNovember 14, 2019
The newly released draft 2019 partnership tax return instructions and Schedule K-1 reflect changes resulting from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA), as well as from other IRS initiatives. This article will highlight some of those changes, with a focus on new IRS reporting requirements related to their effort to track partners’ tax basis capital.
- How Can Hedge Funds Raise Capital More Effectively?August 21, 2019
Raising capital for a hedge fund is a process. At a time when the industry has seen four straight quarters of capital outflows, it’s more important than ever for fund managers to know how, where and why they will attract investors. By understanding the mindset of investors as well as their concerns, you can improve your fund raising results.
- SEC Explores Softening Accredited Investor StandardsJuly 11, 2019
On June 18th, the SEC issued a comment release for feedback on possibly loosening the accredited investor definition. This would potentially allow more investors to contribute to private funds and other restricted investments. Here’s what they’re considering and what could happen next.
- The OCIE Lays Out Six Examination Priorities for 2019January 11, 2019
Every year, the SEC’s Office of Compliance Inspections and Examinations (OCIE) publishes a report listing their priorities for upcoming examinations. For 2019, they will focus their attention on six categories.
- 2018 Financial Services Year-End Tax Planning AlertDecember 19, 2018
With the passage of the Tax Cuts & Jobs Act (the “Tax Act”) in December of 2017, the impact on funds, their owners/managers and investors has been anything but clear. The Tax Act was rushed into law, is extremely complex and still has many unanswered questions to unclear sections of the new law. However, unlike last year at this time, we do not foresee any new tax legislation before year-end 2018 nor is it clear that guidance or technical corrections will be forthcoming to address some of the open questions affecting funds, fund managers and their investors.
- Cybersecurity for Investment Partnerships, Private Equity and Real Estate Funds - Responding to a Growing ThreatJuly 30, 2018
Investment partnerships, private equity and real estate funds are tempting targets for cybercriminals thanks to their financial assets, sensitive customer information, and access to institutional counterparts. And the threat is growing quickly. Recent studies report that fifty five percent of limited partners in private equity funds expect a serious cyberattack on their firms within the next five years. How can you keep your fund safe? Let’s take a look at the current threats and latest recommendations from the SEC.
- Department of Commerce Form BE-12 Benchmark Survey of Foreign Direct Investments in the United States May be Required for U.S. Fund ManagersMay 22, 2018
Form BE-12 (Benchmark Survey of Foreign Direct Investments in the United States) is required to be filed every fifth year, in place of Form BE-15 (which is for annual reporting that falls outside of the five-year reporting). This Form is filed with the U.S. Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Economic Analysis (“BEA”). The next Form BE-12 filing is due on May 31, 2018 (June 30, 2018 if using the BEA’s e-file system).
- SEC Announces 2018 Compliance Examination PrioritiesFebruary 16, 2018
As they have for many years, the SEC announced its 2018 Office of Compliance Inspections and Examinations (OCIE) examination priorities.
- Tax Court Ruling That Family Office Carried on a Trade or Business May Offer Tax Planning Opportunities February 5, 2018
On December 13, 2017, in Lender Management, LLC v. Commissioner, the U.S. Tax Court ruled that a family office, Lender Management, LLC (“Lender Management”), carried on a trade or business as an investment manager rather than as a passive investor and was therefore entitled to deduct expenses under §162 (“deductible above-the-line with no income limitation”) vs. §212 (“miscellaneous itemized deductions subject to the 2% of adjusted gross income (AGI) floor”).
- Tax Cuts and Jobs Act: Key provisions affecting Hedge Funds, Private Equity Funds and Other Investment Funds or Fund VehiclesJanuary 17, 2018
The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Tax Act”), which was signed into law on December 22, 2017, enacts a broad range of changes with most provisions taking effect for tax years beginning after December 31, 2017. This alert summarizes some of the key (federal) tax provisions of the Tax Act affecting managers of hedge funds, private equity funds and other investment funds or fund vehicles.
- Considerations for Starting a Hedge Fund
Hedge funds comprise the largest segment of the alternative asset market. With this status comes large profit potential. Many talented traders and investment professionals consider starting their own funds at some point during their careers. Launching a fund is not an easy or inexpensive undertaking, but it can be both personally and financially rewarding. Below, we guide you through some of the considerations and necessary steps to start your fund.
- Considerations for Starting a Private Equity Fund
As private equity firms continue to succeed and become ever prevalent in the alternative investment space, more aspiring portfolio managers are joining the race to launch their own private equity fund. While today there are many successful and large private equity firms, many of the firms in this space are small-to-midsize shops with employees ranging from just a few to several hundred. The following summarizes several steps that managers should follow to launch a private equity fund.
- Considerations for Starting a Real Estate Fund
As real estate funds continue to succeed and become more prevalent in the alternative investment industry, and with more institutional investors increasing allocations to real estate, more aspiring portfolio managers are joining the race to launch their own real estate funds. While today there are many successful and large real estate funds, the majority of the firms in this space are small to midsize organizations with employees ranging from just a few to several hundred.